Who Were The Two Most Famous Enlightenment Thinkers?

What is the Enlightenment thinking?

The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on the sovereignty of reason and the evidence of the senses as the primary sources of knowledge and advanced ideals such as liberty, progress, toleration, fraternity, constitutional government and separation of church and state..

Who were the most important Enlightenment thinkers?

18 Key Thinkers of the EnlightenmentLocke, John 1632 – 1704. … Montesquieu, Charles-Louis Secondat 1689 – 1755. … Newton, Isaac 1642 – 1727. … Quesnay, François 1694 – 1774. … Raynal, Guillaume-Thomas 1713 – 1796. … Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 1712 – 1778. … Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques 1727 – 1781. … Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet 1694 – 1778.More items…•

Who were the 5 Enlightenment thinkers?

Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern. These thinkers had a profound effect on the American and French revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced.

Who were the 7 thinkers?

Seven thinkers and how they grew: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz; Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Kant (Chapter 6) – Philosophy in History.

Why is the Enlightenment important to American history?

The Enlightenment was important America because it provided the philosophical basis of the American Revolution. The Revolution was more than just a protest against English authority; as it turned out, the American Revolution provided a blueprint for the organization of a democratic society.

What caused the Enlightenment?

Causes. On the surface, the most apparent cause of the Enlightenment was the Thirty Years’ War. This horribly destructive war, which lasted from 1618 to 1648, compelled German writers to pen harsh criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare.

What was the enlightenment movement quizlet?

The Enlightenment. An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three central concepts were the use of reason, the scientific method, and progress. Enlightenment thinkers believed they could help create better societies and better people.

Who were two famous thinkers of the Enlightenment?

Centered on the dialogues and publications of the French “philosophes” (Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Buffon and Denis Diderot), the High Enlightenment might best be summed up by one historian’s summary of Voltaire’s “Philosophical Dictionary”: “a chaos of clear ideas.” Foremost among these was the notion that …

Who were the Enlightenment thinkers quizlet?

Terms in this set (11)Thomas Hobbes. -everyone born selfish and wiked. … John Locke. -life, liberty, property. … Voltaire. -wrote over 70 books. … Montesquieu. -seperation of powers (executive, legislative, judicial) … Jean Jacques Rousseau. -all people born free and equal. … Beccaria. … Mary Wollstonecraft. … Frederick the Great.More items…

How did the Enlightenment affect slavery?

Enlightenment thinkers argued that liberty was a natural human right and that reason and scientific knowledge—not the state or the church—were responsible for human progress. But Enlightenment reason also provided a rationale for slavery, based on a hierarchy of races.

What was the Enlightenment short summary?

The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and cultural movement in the eighteenth century that emphasized reason over superstition and science over blind faith. … Rationalism is the idea that humans are capable of using their faculty of reason to gain knowledge.

What is the Enlightenment quizlet?

The enlightenment was a time in the 1700’s in Europe when people began to question old ideas and search for knowledge. The name Enlightenment refers to the light of knowledge that supposedly replaces the darkness of superstition and ignorance. … Enlightenment thinkers turned to science and reason.