Which Article Is Only For Indians?

Which article is not for foreigners?

Hemant SinghS.N.Fundamental rights available to citizens not to foreigners1.Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (article 15).2.Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (article 16).9 more rows•Sep 19, 2016.

What does Article 17 of the Constitution say?

Article 17. Abolition of Untouchability. -“Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of “Untouchability” shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

Who is the 1 citizen of India?

Any person born in India on or after 26 January 1950, but prior to the commencement of the 1986 Act on 1 July 1987, is a citizen of India by birth. A person born in India on or after 1 July 1987 but before 3 December 2004 is a citizen of India if one of parents was a citizen of India at the time of the birth.

What is Article 7 of Indian Constitution?

Article 7 is been written in Indian Constitution as -Notwithstanding anything in articles 5 and 6, a person who has after the first day of March, 1947, migrated from the territory of India to the territory now included in Pakistan shall not be deemed to be a citizen of India: Provided that nothing in this article shall …

Is Article 14 available to foreigners?

Article 14 of the Indian Constitution essentially guarantees equality before the law. … Article 14 is applicable not just to Indian citizens but also extends benefits of equality to anyone within Indian territory, even a foreigner.

What is the Article 18?

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Which article is amended for CAA?

An Act further to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955. 1. (1) This Act may be called the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019. (2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

Which fundamental right is not given to foreigners?

The following is the list of fundamental rights that are available only to citizens (and not to foreigners): Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, caste, gender or place of birth (Article 15). Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16).

What are the exceptions to Article 19?

v. Union of India. Article 19(2) – An Exception to Article 19(1): It is however pertinent to mention that, freedom of speech and expression of press is not absolute but is qualified by certain clearly defined limitations under Article 19(2) in the interests of the public.

How does CAA violate 14?

A retired member of judiciary in an article in a leading daily has stated that CAA violates Article 14 on all three counts of reasonable classification, arbitrariness in state action and treating people unequally without reason. … Further, Article 14 lays down clearly that all laws in the nation cannot be general.

Can Article 14 be amended?

The Supreme Court believes that the rule of law written under Article 14 is the fundamental element of the Constitution. Therefore it cannot be abolished in any way even by amending the Constitution. What are the Exceptions to Right to Equality: It is not like that the ‘Rule of Equality’ applies thoroughly.

Does Article 14 Violate in CAA?

The CAA is not violative of Article 14, as this Article permits “reasonable classification”. … One, the three countries covered under CAA are either Islamic states or countries where Muslims are in majority. And, two, it is a fact that the minorities in these three countries have faced persecution on religious lines.

Is Article 32 available to foreigners?

The same reasoning can be extended to cover the “parallel” provision asunder Article 32 which confers the same power on the Supreme Court provided the violation is of a fundamental right and not merely a legal right. Thus, a foreign corporation can file a writ petition under Art. 226 as well as Art. 32.

What is Article 11 in Indian Constitution?

Article 11 Constitution of India: Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law. Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Part shall derogate from the power of Parliament to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship.

Is Article 21 available to foreigners?

“Article 21 of the constitution [right to life and liberty] applies to all citizens, whether Indian or foreign nationals. Their right to liberty cannot be restrained by police due to a business dispute.

What is Article 5 of the Indian Constitution?

Article 5 : Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution. (c) who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.

Is Article 18 available to foreigners?

Takeaway: [i]Article 18 is applicable even on foreigners. [ii] Article 18 prohibits only hereditary titles of nobility.

How has conferring of titles been abolished in India?

Draft Article 12 (Article 18) was debated on 1st December 1948. It abolished the conferring and recognition of titles. A member of the Drafting Committee proposed an amendment to clarify that titles related to military and academic distinction were exempted from the scope of the Draft Article.